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Wednesday, November 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins found in the catalog.

Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins

Samuel Fortier

Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins

  • 9 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Irrigation -- Research -- California.,
  • Irrigation -- Research -- Oregon.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Samuel Fortier and Arthur A. Young.
    SeriesTechnical bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 379, Technical bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 379.
    ContributionsYoung, Arthur A. 1879-, United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination70 p. :
    Number of Pages70
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23005525M

    U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Scientific Investigations Report – Back to Table of Contents. Table 2. General aquifer characteristics, ground-water type, and water-quality data for ground-water samples collected from regional National Water-Quality Assessment Program study units in the arid to semiarid Western United States, – expertise in land drainage in arid zones under irrigated agriculture. The principles of land drainage deal with the removal of excess surface water, soil water, and groundwater. The main problem of non-irrigated arid zones is a shortage of water, and it may therefore seem surprising that ILRI should publish a book on rainwater harvesting. Stormwater Strategies for Arid and Semi-Arid Watersheds W ater supply and flood control have tradi-tionally dominated watershed planning in arid and semi-arid climates. Until recent years, stormwater quality has simply not been much of a priority for water resource managers in the west. This situation is changing rapidly, as fast-growing commu-File Size: KB. Some simple irrigation methods, neglected in technical manuals or textbooks, with potential benefit for arid lands are presented pictorially (chapter 11). Reducing Cropland Percolation Losses Large areas of sandy soil in arid lands are not used for agriculture because the water sinks below the root zone too rapidly and the extra irrigation.


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Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins by Samuel Fortier Download PDF EPUB FB2

IRRIGATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE ARID AND SEMI ARID LANDS OF THE PACIFIC SLOPE BASINS By SAMUEL FORTIER, formerly principal irrigation engineerj and ARTHUR A. YOUNG, assistant irrigation engineerj Division of Irrigation, Bureau of Agricul- tural Engineering CONTENTS Page Introduction 1 The Pacific slope basins _ - of the Pacific slope.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Fortier, Samuel. Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Pacific slope basins / By Samuel Fortier and Arthur A.

(Arthur Appleton) Young Abstract. IRRIGATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE ARID AND SEMI-ARID LANDS OF THE PACIFTO SLOPE BASINS (Samuel Fortier and Arthur A. Young): Introduction. 1 The Pacific slope basins 2 Soils of the Pacific slope basins 3 Climatic conditions ^ River basins and water resources 9 Northern group of basins   Plant Resources of Arid and Semiarid Lands: A Global Perspective is a collection of papers that evaluates the existing native plant resources in the arid and semiarid regions.

The papers deal with the resources found in these arid regions such as food potential, forage, fuel, fiber, medicinal or industrial Edition: 1. Only 20% of the world’s croplands are irrigated, but they produce 40% of the global harvest meaning that irrigation more than doubles land productivity.

In arid and semi-arid regions, irrigation improves economic returns and can boost production by up to %.Cited by: Alternative Farming Systems Information Center of the National Agricultural Library Agricultural Research Service, U.S.

Department of Agriculture. management in arid and semi-arid areas ISSN FAO IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PAPER 61 This publication provides planners, decision-makers and engineers with guidelines to sustain irrigated agriculture and at the same time to protect water resources from the negative impacts of agricultural drainage water disposal.

On the basis of case studiesCited by: Ground water plays an important role in water supply and the ecology of arid to semiarid areas such as Northwest China, where the landscape is fragile due.

The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage is dedicated to enhancing the worldwide supply of food and fibre for all people by improving water and land management and the productivity of irrigated and drained lands through appropriate management of water, environment and application of irrigation, drainage and flood management techniques.

In semiarid and arid cultivated lands, the contribution of gyp- sum to soil solution ionic concentration is of extreme importance in preventing deterioration of. Get this from a library. Irrigation requirements of the arid and semiarid lands of the Missouri and Arkansas river basins.

[Samuel Fortier; United States. Department of Agriculture.]. GROUNDWATER STRESS DUE TO IRRIGATION IN SEMI ARID AND ARID REGIONS: IS DAIRYING A BOON OR A BANE. Dinesh Kumar and O. Singh * Abstract One of the most remarkable impacts of India’s growing economy is the demand for dairy products.

However, the impact of this trend on the country’s land and water resources has not been Size: 58KB. Arid Land Irrigation in Developing Countries: Environmental Problems and Effects covers the proceedings of the International Symposium on Arid Land Irrigation, held in Alexandria, Egypt on February This book is organized into eight sections encompassing 46 Edition: 1.

the issue with people or animals constantly walking on a stretch of land is that the soil gets. compacted. why are arid and semiarid lands prone to desertification. get too little precipitation to meet growing human demands for water.

what major desertification event in. Ayars J.E. & McWhorter D.B. Incorporating crop water use in drainage design in arid areas, pp. – In: Keyes C.G. & Ward T.J. (eds) Proceedings, Specialty Conference, Development and Management Aspects of Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Irrigation and Drainage Division, ASCE, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York.

Google Cited by: Agricultural drainage water management in arid and semi-arid areas [] Tanji K.K. Kielen N.C. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy) [Corporate Author]Cited by: The traditional land use and water management was guided by belief systems (Omari, a).For example, water sources and forests were seen as sacred places where people cannot conduct any activity except rituals and offerings (Omari, b).The management of irrigation canals and water sources was guided by family and clan bonds and strengthened by rituals, culture and Cited by: uniform irrigation regime: temporary or permanent.

The optimal water regime of the crops is ensured through a temporary irriga­ tion regime in environments where rain­ fall satisfies crop water requirements at least partially, as it is the case in arid and semiarid regions of the mediterra­ nean area where the yearly rainfall is noFile Size: 3MB.

Evapotranspiration is critical to many applications including water resource management, irrigation scheduling, and environmental studies. Many models based on meteorological data have already been developed to estimate reference evapotranspiration (ET 0) in various climatic and geographical conditions.

The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the. Improved water management in arid and semi-arid irrigated regions will require development of an integrated water management system that includes the design and operation of the irrigation system and the design and active management of the subsurface drainage by: Download Individual Chapters.

Professional Paperfront material: This file contains the covers, title pages, Foreward, Acknowledgments, Volume Contents, and Conversion Factors (pp_front; MB).pdf. Professional Paper A: David A.

Stonestrom and James R. Harrill, Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwestern United. In arid and semiarid areas a minor portion of excess water comes from precipi- tation. The major sources of excess water in irrigated areas are percolation losses from the irrigation and leaching water applied.

Losses occur from irrigation canals or ditches within or traversing the area. Revegetation has been practiced for many decades in arid and semiarid lands of the western United States, but most often the goal has been to improve grazing for domes-tic animals. In the past few years the emphasis in North America has shifted from a strictly utilitarian purpose, to revegetation for conservation of plants and animals (West ).

The act was not intended to put such large bodies of land in the possession of so few men. But any law is apt to work that way. Where the stock of the water company is held by all the land-owners using, the land is often hypothecated as security for the assessments, and in default of payment could only fall into the company's hands.

Green Infrastructure in Arid and Semi-Arid Climates Adapting innovative stormwater management techniques to the water-limited West.

In arid and semi-arid regions, many green infrastructure practices may not When rain falls on natural landscapes, much of it either soaks into the ground or is returned to the atmosphere by plants or evaporation. Drain for Gain: Making Water Management Worth its Salt: Subsurface Drainage Practices in Irrigated Agriculture in Semi-arid and Arid Regions - CRC Press Book Salinity affects 10 to 16% of all irrigated lands while the annual rate of land loss due to waterlogging and salinity is about million hectares per year.

Improvement and Management of Soils in Arid and Semiarid Regions in Relation gation water to the land but also the control of salinity and alkali.

The quality of irrigation water, irrigation practices, and drainage conditions are involved in sa- where there is appreciable basin methods of irrigation provide better control of. Scope of interest Low water use plants for urban landscapes, arid-adapted legumes, maintenance irrigation requirements of arid-adapted groundcovers, arid and semiarid economic botany, propagation and production of cacti and succulents, ex situ conservation of endangered species, desert biology and ecology oriented to local flora and fauna.

The semi-arid zones of the world are fragile ecosystems which are being sub stantially modified by the activities of mankind.

Increasing human populations have resulted in greater demands on semi-arid zones for providing human susten ance and the possibility that this may enhance desertification is a grave concern.5/5(1).

in Semi-Arid and Arid Regions. Consider three general categories for addressing and reducing the impacts of drought including: (1) modify-ing the impact of the meteorologi-cal event on the available supply of water (supply-side approaches), (2) reducing exposure and vulnerabil-ity to drought through demand-side adaptation/mitigation (demand-side.

The ability to effectively maintain the functions of the ecosystem is closely related to the assessment of land resources within a conservation-utilization balance. Land degradation is one of the most significant environmental treats on arid region ecosystems in terms of the use of these resources.

In this chapter, the aim was to attract the attention to land degradation Author: Selen Deviren Saygin. Water drives the functioning of Earth’s arid and semiarid lands.

Drylands can obtain water from sources other than precipitation, yet Cited by:   Simane B., Tulu T., Lantideru A., Dawit D. () Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Off-Season Small-Scale Irrigation in Arid and Semi-arid Areas of Ethiopia.

In: Leal Filho W., de Trincheria Gomez J. (eds) Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid : Belay Simane, Taffa Tulu, Amare Lantideru, Desalegn Dawit. Development of Modern Irrigation Systems in Arid and Semi-arid Area -A case study in Iran- OH. Dehghani Sanij∗, T. Yamamoto∗ and E.

Farzaneh∗∗ ∗ Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University ∗∗ Agricultural Engineering Research Institute of Iran 1. Introduction Increasing demand for water has created a whole set of issues and problems now confronting irrigatedAuthor: Sanij H D, Yamamoto T, Farzaneh E.

Chapter 5 Key Words. STUDY. PLAY. Biomass fuel. any organic material produced by plants, animals, or microorganisms that can be used as a source of energy through either direct burning or conversion into a light liquid the conversion of arid and semiarid lands into deserts as a result of climatic change or human activities such as.

After the creation of the National Irrigation Commission inthe irrigated area expanded, the agricultural census reported a total of million ha of irrigated land by By the late s, Mexico had about 6 million ha under ted area: 55, km².

Hydrology and Best Practices for Managing Water Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands is a crucial scholarly resource that outlines current trends in water management and offers solutions for the future of this growing field. Highlighting pertinent topics such as hydrological processes modelling, satellite hydrology, water pollution, and.

age requirements are formulated in similar terms as for drainage in humid temperate regions. 3 Drainage activities in arid regions The need for drainage in arid and semi-arid regions is directly linked to irrigation. Archeological studies in Iraq (NN ) have shown that as File Size: 1MB.

FAO has defined dry lands as those areas with a length of growing period (LGP) of 1– days (FAO, ); this includes regions classified climatically as arid, semi-arid and dry sub humid.

Irrigation systems for dry lands development These are described below. Soil salinity and low drainage capacity are major factors limiting crop yield and low agricultural water productivity (WP) in the Lower Karkheh River Basin (L-KRB) in the southwest to south of Iran.

The objective of this chapter is to provide and elaborate cost-effective and adaptive solutions and measures for the amelioration of the situation and for enhancing WP in this : Nader Heydari.From inside the book. Other editions - View all.

Soil and Water Conservation in Semi-arid Areas example extension farmers farming Figure flood flow furrows give grass grazing hand important improved increase India infiltration irrigation Kenya labour land lead less lines loss mean methods moisture natural particularly percent pipe.Chapter The Topography of Arid Lands I.

A Specialized Environment A. factors affecting arid landforms: 1. Weathering a. mechanical weathering dominates in arid regions v. chemical in humid b. rate of weathering is slower c. more angular particles of weathered rock result 2. Creep a. relatively minor phenomenon on most desert slopes because lubricating effects of water are .